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JAPANESE BLACK PINE, JAPANESE PINE, BLACK PINE

Pinus thunbergii

Pinaceae

Japanese black pine is native to coastal areas of Japan, but is commonly used as an ornamental in the San Francisco Bay Area. Here it does not approach the 100 feet it may reach in the Pacific Northwest and its native Japan. Black pine is often used in Japanese style gardens and is also used in bonsai.

Stiff needles grow in bunches of two and are around four inches long. Male cones are less than an inch long, borne in clumps of 12-20 on the tips of spring growth.

Seed cones are brown, oval, and around three inches long, taking two years to mature.